The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) revealed there are approximately 5 million adults in the United States who have fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia, also referred to as fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), is a long-term condition which causes musculoskeletal pain. It is often also accompanied by moodiness, sleep problems, fatigue, and memory issues.
It can be difficult to figure out if you have fibromyalgia on your own. This is why a lot of people don’t get diagnosed for quite some time.
Causes of Fibromyalgia
There is no single known cause of fibromyalgia. However, experts have traced it back to several possible causes.
- Genetics – If you have a family member who has fibromyalgia, you are more likely to develop it at some point in your life. Although the specific genetic details causing this condition have not been identified yet, experts are confident that genetic mutations play a role in this disorder.
- Trauma – Physical trauma from a car accident and stroke or psychological trauma from anxiety and depression can trigger fibromyalgia. Research has linked post-traumatic stress disorder to the presence of fibromyalgia.
- Chemical Imbalances – Several studies have confirmed individuals with fibromyalgia have abnormal levels of hormones (dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline) in their brains. These chemical imbalances lead to fibromyalgia since they have an influence over appetite, mood, behavior, and sleep patterns.
- Infections – Some other illnesses such infections can also trigger the emergence of fibromyalgia.
- Associated Conditions – Rheumatic conditions have been linked to the development of fibromyalgia. Some examples include temporomandibular disorder (TMD), rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis.
Risk Factors Of Fibromyalgia
Aside from the causes stated above, you should also take into account several risk factors that increase the chances of you developing fibromyalgia. The risk factors include:
- Gender – Women are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than men.
- Family History – Make sure to check the medical history of your family. If you have one or more close blood relatives who have had fibromyalgia, there is a more substantial possibility of you developing the condition, as well.
- Physical Fitness – This condition is more common in individuals who are not physically active. The best way to avoid or treat fibromyalgia is to exercise regularly and live an active lifestyle.
- Mental Fitness – Aside from your physical fitness, mental fitness also plays a role in the development of fibromyalgia. Those who are experiencing anxiety, depression, or any other mood disorders are more likely to have the condition.
While there is no cure for fibromyalgia, there are several treatment options you can use to manage your symptoms. At Balcones Pain Consultants, we help patients deal with all types of pain, including fibromyalgia pain, through state-of-the-art and advanced medical treatments and technologies. If you would like to speak with one of our trained and expert physicians about your pain, call (512) 834-4141 to make an appointment today. You can also request an appointment online. We look forward to serving you!