Joints are the places in your body where two or more bones meet. Examples include your knee, ankle, elbow, and shoulder. Any discomfort that you feel in these areas is referred to as joint pain.
It is very common for people to experience joint pain at some point in their lifetime. The pain you feel may range from mild to severe and may be characterized by a sharp pain or a stabbing sensation. Joint pain may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as swelling and stiffness.
There is a long list of possible causes of joint pain. Here are some of the most common causes:
The joints are one place where an overuse injury can develop. An overuse injury can cause a host of symptoms, including pain in the joint.
Athletes are especially prone to overuse injuries due to either excessive training or technique errors. The former typically occurs when athletes do not ease into the physical activity, and the latter occurs when poor form overburdens the body and results in strains and injuries.
Occupational hazards also lead to overuse injury – movers, construction workers, plumbers, landscapers, gardeners, and airline workers are a few examples of physical professions that are susceptible to overuse of certain joints. Other examples are those who type at a computer all day and do not give their hands and wrists enough breaks throughout the day.
Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursae, which serve as a cushion to the bones and muscles near joints. The pain from this inflammation radiates and causes muscle and joint pain. The affected area may feel stiff, swollen, and painful to the touch.
Bursitis usually affects the hips, elbows, and shoulders. Repetitive motion and remaining in a position that puts pressure on the bursae usually cause bursitis.
Tendonitis is usually caused by injuries due to overload or repetitive movement. The tendons connect the muscles to the bones, and any inflammation or small tears will result in pain. Tendonitis usually affects the shoulder, elbow, knee, wrist, and Achilles tendon.
Tendonitis may be due to the nature of your occupation or hobbies, such as playing sports. Your age is also a factor, because the older you get, the less flexible your tendons are – making them more prone to injury and conditions like tendonitis.
Arthritis is one of the most common causes of joint pain and stiffness. The two main types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is often called simply “arthritis,” and this inflammation causes the cartilage located in joints to deteriorate. This wear-and-tear injury is most often experienced by older people as well as by athletes.
The treatment for osteoarthritis usually focuses on pain relief through medication or physical therapy. Patients with a severe case of osteoarthritis may benefit from joint replacement surgery.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that is caused by your body mistakenly attacking the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis treatment usually focuses on reducing inflammation and preventing joint damage. Severe cases of rheumatoid arthritis can also lead to the need of joint replacement surgery.
Joint Pain Treatment in Austin
Here at Balcones Pain Consultants, we have the most advanced methods of joint pain treatment available for our patients. Our clients range from weekend warriors to competitive athletes to retirees who enjoy tennis and golf – and they all trust us with their orthopedic health.
We understand how joint pain can negatively affect your quality of life. The sooner you seek treatment, the better the outcome. Please call us today at (512) 834-4141 or request an appointment now. We look forward to helping you live a more pain-free lifestyle once again!